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Crit Care Explor


To investigate the relationship between oliguric acute kidney injury (AKI) and mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.

SETTING: This investigation took place at a single-center, tertiary referral multidisciplinary comprehensive healthcare hospital in metropolitan Detroit, Michigan.

PATIENTS: Adult patients 18 years old or older hospitalized in the ICU and diagnosed with ARDS on mechanical ventilation.


MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Three hundred eight patients were included in the final analysis. Risk factors associated with mortality included advanced age (p < 0.001), increased body mass index (p = 0.008), and a history of chronic kidney disease (p = 0.023). Presence of AKI by day 1 of intubation, with elevated creatinine (p = 0.003) and oliguria (p < 0.001), was significantly associated with mortality. On multivariate analysis, advanced age (relative risk [RR], 1.02), urine output on the day of intubation (RR, 0.388), bicarbonate level (RR, 0.948), and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment severity score (RR, 1.09) were independently associated with mortality. A receiver operating characteristic curve identified a threshold urine output on the day of intubation of 0.7 mL/kg/hr (area under the curve, 0.75; p < 0.001) as most closely associated with inpatient mortality (i.e., urine output < 0.7 mL/kg/hr is associated with mortality).

CONCLUSIONS: For patients with ARDS, oliguria on the day of intubation was independently associated with increased mortality. Urine output of less than 0.7 mL/kg/hr predicted 80% of inpatient deaths. These findings herald an augmented understanding of the role of urine output in medical decision-making and prognostication.

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