High-quality t2-weighted 4-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging for radiation therapy applications.
Du D, Caruthers SD, Glide-Hurst C, Low DA, Li HH, Mutic S, and Hu Y. High-quality t2-weighted 4-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging for radiation therapy applications. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2015 Jun 1;92(2):430-7.
International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to improve triggering efficiency of the prospective respiratory amplitude-triggered 4-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (4DMRI) method and to develop a 4DMRI imaging protocol that could offer T2 weighting for better tumor visualization, good spatial coverage and spatial resolution, and respiratory motion sampling within a reasonable amount of time for radiation therapy applications.
METHODS AND MATERIALS: The respiratory state splitting (RSS) and multi-shot acquisition (MSA) methods were analytically compared and validated in a simulation study by using the respiratory signals from 10 healthy human subjects. The RSS method was more effective in improving triggering efficiency. It was implemented in prospective respiratory amplitude-triggered 4DMRI. 4DMRI image datasets were acquired from 5 healthy human subjects. Liver motion was estimated using the acquired 4DMRI image datasets.
RESULTS: The simulation study showed the RSS method was more effective for improving triggering efficiency than the MSA method. The average reductions in 4DMRI acquisition times were 36% and 10% for the RSS and MSA methods, respectively. The human subject study showed that T2-weighted 4DMRI with 10 respiratory states, 60 slices at a spatial resolution of 1.5 × 1.5 × 3.0 mm(3) could be acquired in 9 to 18 minutes, depending on the individual's breath pattern. Based on the acquired 4DMRI image datasets, the ranges of peak-to-peak liver displacements among 5 human subjects were 9.0 to 12.9 mm, 2.5 to 3.9 mm, and 0.5 to 2.3 mm in superior-inferior, anterior-posterior, and left-right directions, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that with the RSS method, it was feasible to acquire high-quality T2-weighted 4DMRI within a reasonable amount of time for radiation therapy applications.
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Algorithms; Efficiency; Female; Healthy Volunteers; Humans; Liver; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Movement; Radiotherapy; Respiration; Software; Time Factors