Title

An oncogenic activity of PDGF-C and its splice variant in human breast cancer.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1-2019

Publication Title

Growth factors (Chur, Switzerland)

Abstract

Despite strong evidence for the involvement of PDGF signaling in breast cancer, little is known about the PDGF ligand responsible for PDGFR activation during breast cancer progression. Here, we found PDGF-C to be highly expressed in breast carcinoma cell lines. Immunohistochemical analysis of invasive breast cancer revealed an association between increased PDGF-C expression and lymph node metastases, Ki-67 proliferation index, and poor disease-free survival. We also identified a PDGF-C splice variant encoding truncated PDGF-C (t-PDGF-C) isoform lacking the signal peptide and the N-terminal CUB domain. While t-PDGF C homodimer is retained intracellularly, it can be secreted as a heterodimer with full-length PDGF-C (FL-PDGF-C). PDGF-C downregulation reduced anchorage-independent growth and matrigel invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells. Conversely, ectopic expression of t-PDGF-C enhanced phenotypic transformation and invasion in BT-549 cells expressing endogenous FL-PDGF-C. The present study provides new insights into the functional significance of PDGF-C and its splice variant in human breast cancer.

PubMed ID

31542979

ePublication

ePub ahead of print

Volume

37

Issue

3-4

First Page

131

Last Page

145

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