Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Radiat Oncol


BACKGROUND: Patient-specific distortions, particularly near tissue/air interfaces, require assessment for magnetic resonance (MR) only radiation treatment planning (RTP). However, patients are dynamic due to changes in physiological status during imaging sessions. This work investigated changes in subject-induced susceptibility distortions to pelvic organs at different bladder states to support pelvis MR-only RTP.

METHODS: Pelvises of 9 healthy male volunteers were imaged at 1.0 Tesla (T), 1.5 T, and 3.0 T. Subject-induced susceptibility distortion field maps were generated using a dual-echo gradient-recalled echo (GRE) sequence with B

RESULTS: The time between the initial and final B0 maps was 42.6 ± 13.9 (range: 13.2-62.1) minutes with minimal change in magnet central frequency (0.02 ± 0.05 mm (range: - 0.06 - 0.12 mm)). Subject-induced susceptibility distortion across all bladder states, field strengths, and subjects was relatively small (1.4-1.9% of all voxels in the prostate and seminal vesicles were distorted > 0.5 mm). In the bladder, no voxels exhibited distortions > 1 mm. An extreme case acquired at 3.0 T with a large volume of rectal air yielded 27.4-34.6% of voxels within the CTVs had susceptibility-induced distortions > 0.5 mm across all time points.

CONCLUSIONS: Our work suggests that subject-induced susceptibility distortions caused by bladder/rectal conditions are generally small and subject-dependent. Local changes may be non-negligible within the CTV, thus proper management of filling status is warranted. Future work evaluating the impact of multiple models to accommodate for extreme status changes may be advantageous.

Medical Subject Headings

Adult; Air; Drinking; Healthy Volunteers; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Middle Aged; Pelvis; Prostate; Rectum; Seminal Vesicles; Time Factors; Urinary Bladder

PubMed ID






First Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.