The Prognostic Significance of the Depth of Cervical Stromal Invasion in Women With FIGO Stage II Uterine Endometrioid Carcinoma

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American journal of clinical oncology


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of the depth of cervical stromal invasion (CSI) in women with FIGO stage II uterine endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EC).

METHODS: Our database of women with EC was quired for patients with stage II EC. Pathologic slides were retrieved and reviewed by gynecologic pathologists to determine cervical stromal thickness and depth of CSI as a percentage of stromal thickness (%CSI). Kaplan-Meier, univariate, and multivariate analyses were used to compare recurrence-free, disease-specific (DSS), and overall survival (OS) between women who had<50% versus ≥50% CSI. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to assess other prognostic variables associated with survival endpoints.

RESULTS: A total of 117 patients were included in our study who had hysterectomy between 1/1990 and 8/2021. Seventy-nine patients (68%) with <50% and 38 (32w%) with ≥50% CSI. After a median follow-up of 131 months, 5-year DSS was significantly worse for women with ≥50% CSI (78% vs. 91%; P=0.04). However, %CSI was not an independent predictor for any of the studied survival endpoints. Independent predictors of worse 5-year recurrence-free survival and DSS included FIGO grade 3 tumors (P=0.02) and the presence of lymphovascular space invasion (P=0.03). Grade 3 tumors were the only independent predictor of worse 5-year OS (P=0.02).

CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that deep CSI is not an independent prognostic factor for survival endpoints in women with stage II uterine endometroid adenocarcinoma. The lack of independent prognostic significance of the depth CSI needs to be validated in a multi-institutional analysis.

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ePub ahead of print