MR-guided stereotactic radiotherapy of infra-diaphragmatic oligometastases: Evaluation of toxicity and dosimetric parameters

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Radiotherapy and oncology


BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The SOFT trial is a prospective, multicenter, phase 2 trial investigating magnetic resonance (MR)-guided stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) for abdominal, soft tissue metastases in patients with oligometastatic disease (OMD) ( ID NCT04407897). We present the primary endpoint analysis of 1-year treatment-related toxicity (TRAE).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with up to five oligometastases from non-hematological cancers were eligible for inclusion. A risk-adapted strategy prioritized fixed organs at risk (OAR) constraints over target coverage. Fractionation schemes were 45-67.5 Gy in 3-8 fractions. The primary endpoint was grade ≥ 4 TRAE within 12 months post-SABR. The association between the risk of gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity and clinical and dosimetric parameters was tested using a normal tissue complication probability model.

RESULTS: We included 121 patients with 147 oligometastatic targets, mainly located in the liver (41 %), lymph nodes (35 %), or adrenal glands (14 %). Nearly half of all targets (48 %, n = 71) were within 10 mm of a radiosensitive OAR. No grade 4 or 5 TRAEs, 3.5 % grade 3 TRAEs, and 43.7 % grade 2 TRAEs were reported within the first year of follow-up. We found a significant association between grade ≥ 2 GI toxicity and the parameters GI OAR D(0.1cc,) D(1cc,) and D(20cc).

CONCLUSION: In this phase II study of MR-guided SABR of oligometastases in the infra-diaphragmatic region, we found a low incidence of toxicity despite half of the lesions being within 10 mm of a radiosensitive OAR. GI OAR D(0.1cc,) D(1cc,) and D(20cc) were associated with grade ≥ 2 GI toxicity.

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Humans; Prospective Studies; Neoplasms; Dose Fractionation, Radiation; Radiosurgery

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