Ghanem AI, Bhatnagar A, Elshaikh M, Burmeister C, and Elshaikh MA. Recurrence Risk Stratification for Women with FIGO Stage I Uterine Endometrioid Carcinoma Who Underwent Surgical Lymph Node Evaluation. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2022; 114(3):e271.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys
Purpose/Objective(s): To estimate the recurrence risk based on the number of prognostic factors in women with FIGO stage I uterine endometrioid carcinoma (EC) in a large cohort of patients who underwent surgical staging including surgical lymph node evaluation (SLNE) and were managed with no adjuvant therapy.
Materials/Methods: We queried our in-house prospectively maintained uterine cancer database for patients with FIGO stage I EC underwent surgical staging including SLNE between 1/1990-12/2020. Patients with synchronous ovarian and breast cancer diagnosis were excluded as well as those who received adjuvant therapy of any form. Patient's demographics and pathologic variables were analyzed. We used multivariate analysis (MVA) with Stepwise Model Selection to determine risk factors for 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS). Study population was then stratified based on the number of risk factors identified (0, 1 or 2). The resultant groups were compared for RFS, disease-specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS) using log-rank test and Kaplan-Meier curves. Additionally, independent predictors of DSS and overall OS were estimated.
Results: 706 patients were identified who met our inclusion criteria with a median age of 60 years (range, 30-93) and a median follow-up of 120 months. All patients had at least pelvic SLNE with a median number of examined lymph node (LN) of 8 (range, 1-66): 66 patients (11%) had a sentinel LN sampling and 43% had paraaortic SLNE. 639 patients (91%) were stage IA and lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) was detected in 6% (n=41). Recurrence was diagnosed in 44 patients (6%). Independent predictors of 5-year RFS include age ≥ 60 years (p=0.038), grade 2 vs. 1 (p=0.003), and grade 3 vs 1 (p<0.001). 5-year RFS for group-0 (age < 60 years and grade 1) was 98% vs. 92% for group-1 (either: age ≥ 60 years or grade 2/3) vs 84% for group-2 (both: age ≥ 60 years and grade 2/3), respectively (p<0.001). 5- year DSS for the three groups was (100% vs 98% vs 95%, p=0.012) and 5-year OS was (98% vs 90% vs 81%, p<0.001), respectively. On MVA, stage IB vs IA was deterministic for DSS (p=0.02); whereas age ≥ 60 years (p<0.001) and grade 3 vs grade 1 (p=0.004) were predictors for worse OS.
Conclusion: In patients with stage I endometrioid carcinoma who had surgical staging including SLNE and no adjuvant therapy, only age ≥ 60 years and high tumor grade were independent predictors of cancer recurrence and hence can be used to quantify individualized recurrence risk. Surprisingly, LVSI was not an independent prognostic factor in this study cohort with SLNE.