A novel iterative reconstruction algorithm for improving CBCT image quality.
Mao W, Liu C, Snyder K, Kumarasiri A, Zhao B, Gardner S, Kim J, Wen N, Chetty I, and Siddiqui F. A novel iterative reconstruction algorithm for improving CBCT image quality. Med Phys 2017; 44(6):3148.
Purpose: We have assessed the image quality of a novel, iterative reconstruction algorithm to determine the potential to improve image quality, ultimately to enhance the accuracy of CBCT-based localization over the standard reconstruction algorithm. Methods: The current TrueBeam CBCT reconstruction removes scatter using a kernel-based correction followed by filtered back-projection-based reconstruction (FDK). In the prototype CBCT reconstruction pipeline these steps have been replaced by a finite element solver (AcurosCTS)-based scatter correction and a statistical (iterative) reconstruction. Image quality improvements due to the prototype reconstruction pipeline have been quantitatively analyzed on scans of a standard phantom. Standard full-fan Head, half-fan full-rotation Head, and standard Pelvis CBCT protocols have been quantitatively investigated, including evaluation of noise level, uniformity, constancy, spatial resolution, and modulation transfer function (MTF), using a commercially available software package. Results: Image quality analysis results show that noise level is reduced to from 28.9 HU, 17.3 HU, and 7.2 HU to 19.1 HU, 7.9 HU, and 2.7 HU, for full-fan Head, half-fan Head, and Pelvis scans, respectively, while MTF measurements indicate that spatial resolution is maintained. HU uniformity improved from 8.6 ± 2.0 to 3.7 ± 2.3 for full-fan Head CBCT and from 7.4 ± 4.0 to 4.3 ± 2.4 for Pelvis CBCT. Contrast to noise ratio (CNR) was analyzed based on a 1% contrast insertion with a diameter of 15 mm. CNR was improved from 0.6 to 0.9, from 1.5 to 5.0, and from 1.7 to 3.8, for the full-fan, half-fan Head, and Pelvis CBCT, respectively. This is mainly due to the significant reduction in image noise. Conclusion: Noise and other image quality characteristics are significantly improved using the iterative reconstruction algorithm, over the current (FDK-based) method. This suggests the potential for the iterative algorithm to improve image quality, ultimately to enhance the accuracy of image-guided applications using CBCT.