Multidetector CT imaging of bariatric surgical complications: a pictorial review
Riaz RM, Myers DT, and Williams TR. Multidetector CT imaging of bariatric surgical complications: a pictorial review. Abdom Radiol 2016; 41(1):174-188.
Abdom Radiol (NY)
The prevalence of obesity is increasing, along with the number of bariatric surgical procedures performed to treat obesity. Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), and laparoscopic gastric banding (GB) comprise the vast majority of procedures with SG now the dominant procedure in the USA. Although multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is not always the examination of choice for a particular suspected complication, many of these patients present with non-specific abdominal symptoms and undergo MDCT evaluation as an initial diagnostic test. This pictorial essay will review and discuss the normal post-surgical bariatric appearance on MDCT, and the appearance of common and uncommon complications associated with the common bariatric procedures on MDCT with correlative imaging. SG complications include leak/abscess, hemorrhage, splenic injury, and portomesenteric thrombosis. RYGB complications include leak/abscess, gastrogastric fistula, small bowel obstruction, internal hernia, and intussusception. Although GB is waning in popularity, radiologists continue to see the legacy of these patients and complications include gastric prolapse, band erosion, and port/tubing mechanical failures. Awareness of the characteristic findings of bariatric complications on MDCT is critical, allowing for earlier recognition and prompt intervention.
Medical Subject Headings
Bariatric Surgery; Humans; Postoperative Complications; Tomography, X-Ray Computed