Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of thoracic imaging


In patients with atrial fibrillation refractory to drug therapy and cardioversion, pulmonary vein ablation is an alternative treatment that eradicates arrhythmogenic activity originating in the muscles of the pulmonary veins. While this procedure has a low incidence of significant complications, iatrogenic injuries are possible. Through multimodality pictorial examples utilizing computed tomography, nuclear medicine, fluoroscopy, and chest radiographs, the complications associated with pulmonary vein ablation will be reviewed. Examples of pulmonary vein stenosis, right phrenic nerve injury with associated diaphragmatic paralysis, atrioesophageal fistula, and pericardioesophageal fistula will be illustrated.

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print



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