Radiology Resident Diagnostic In-Training Exam Scores: Impact of Subspecialty Imaging Volume and Rotation Scheduling

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Current problems in diagnostic radiology


PURPOSE: To determine the relationship between resident imaging volumes and number of subspecialty rotations with Diagnostic Radiology In-Training (DXIT) subspecialty scores.

METHODS: DXIT-scaled subspecialty scores from a single large diagnostic radiology training program from 2014 to 2020 were obtained. The cumulative number of imaging studies dictated by each resident and specific rotations were mapped to each subspecialty for each year of training. DXIT subspecialty scores were compared against the total subspecialty imaging volume and the total number of rotations in a subspecialty for each resident year. A total of 52 radiology residents were trained during the study period and included in the dataset.

RESULTS: There was a positive linear relationship between the number of neuro studies and scaled neuro DXIT scores for R1s (Pearson coefficient: 0.29; p-value: 0.034) and between the number of breast studies and the number of neuro studies with DXIT scores for R2s (Pearson coefficients: 0.50 and 0.45, respectively; p-values: 0.001 and 0.003, respectively). Furthermore, a positive significant linear relationship between the total number of rotations in cardiac, breast, neuro, and thoracic subspecialties and their scaled DXIT scores for R2 residents (Pearson coefficients: 0.34, 0.49, 0.33, and 0.32, respectively; p-value: 0.025, 0.001, 0.03, and 0.036, respectively) and between the total number of nuclear medicine rotations with DXIT scores for R3s (Pearson coefficient: 0.41; p-value: 0.016).

CONCLUSION: Resident subspecialty imaging volumes and rotations have a variable impact on DXIT scores. Understanding the impact of study volume and the number of subspecialty rotations on resident medical knowledge will help residents and program directors determine how much emphasis to place on these factors during residency.

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ePub ahead of print