Sonographic evaluation of peripheral nerve pathology in the emergency setting.
Mallon S, Starcevic V, Rheinboldt M, and Petraszko A. Sonographic evaluation of peripheral nerve pathology in the emergency setting. Emerg Radiol 2018 Oct;25(5):521-531.
High-resolution sonography has a growing role in both the diagnosis and management of traumatic and atraumatic peripheral nerve pathology. Sonography not only affords a cost-effective and time-efficient approach to interrogating long segments of peripheral nerves but also possesses unique advantages in terms of its dynamic, real-time nature with few clinical contraindications and limitations. In this review, we will initially discuss imaging techniques and characteristics of normal neural sonohistology, then address specific features and pitfalls pertaining to the spectrum of post-traumatic peripheral nerve injury. Additionally, we will highlight the more common sonographic applications in the clinical work-up of patients presenting with symptoms of dynamic neural impingement and entrapment. Finally, illustrative and clinical features of the more frequently encountered peripheral neural neoplastic pathologies will be addressed.
Medical Subject Headings
Diagnosis, Differential; Emergency Service, Hospital; Humans; Peripheral Nerve Injuries; Peripheral Nervous System Diseases; Ultrasonography