Mohammadi-Nejad AR, Mahmoudzadeh M, Hassanpour MS, Wallois F, Muzik O, Papadelis C, Hansen A, Soltanian-Zadeh H, Gelovani J, Nasiriavanaki M. Neonatal brain resting-state functional connectivity imaging modalities. Photoacoustics. Jun 2018;10:1-19.
Infancy is the most critical period in human brain development. Studies demonstrate that subtle brain abnormalities during this state of life may greatly affect the developmental processes of the newborn infants. One of the rapidly developing methods for early characterization of abnormal brain development is functional connectivity of the brain at rest. While the majority of resting-state studies have been conducted using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), there is clear evidence that resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) can also be evaluated using other imaging modalities. The aim of this review is to compare the advantages and limitations of different modalities used for the mapping of infants' brain functional connectivity at rest. In addition, we introduce photoacoustic tomography, a novel functional neuroimaging modality, as a complementary modality for functional mapping of infants' brain.