Title

Contribution of Quantitative Amygdalar MR FLAIR Signal Analysis for Lateralization of Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2018

Publication Title

Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study evaluates the contribution of an automated amygdalar fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) signal analysis for the lateralization of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE).

METHODS: Sixty-nine patients (27 M, 42 F) who had undergone surgery and achieved an Engel class Ia postoperative outcome were identified as a pure cohort of mTLE cases. Forty-six nonepileptic subjects comprised the control group. The amygdala was segmented in T1-weighted images using an atlas-based segmentation. The right/left ratios of amygdalar FLAIR mean and standard deviation were calculated for each subject. A linear classifier (ie, discriminator line) was designed for lateralization using the FLAIR features and a boundary domain, within which lateralization was assumed to be less definitive, was established using the same features from control subjects. Hippocampal FLAIR and volume analysis was performed for comparison.

RESULTS: With the boundary domain in place, lateralization accuracy was found to be 70% with hippocampal FLAIR and 67% with hippocampal volume. Taking amygdalar analysis into account, 22% of cases that were found to have uncertain lateralization by hippocampal FLAIR analysis were confidently lateralized by amygdalar FLAIR. No misclassified case was found outside the amygdalar FLAIR boundary domain.

CONCLUSIONS: Amygdalar FLAIR analysis provides an additional metric by which to establish mTLE in those cases where hippocampal FLAIR and volume analysis have failed to provide lateralizing information.

PubMed ID

30066349

Volume

28

Issue

6

First Page

666

Last Page

675

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