Prevalence of avascular necrosis in idiopathic inflammatory myositis: a single center experience.

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Rheumatology (Oxford, England)


OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of avascular necrosis (AVN) in a large cohort of patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) and define the major associated risk factors.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the electronic medical records of all patients with a definitive diagnosis of IIM enrolled in our registry between 2003-2017 and followed until 2020. Pertinent demographic, clinical, serologic and imaging data were collected. A matched group of patients without AVN was then selected for comparison.

RESULTS: 1680 patients were diagnosed with IIM. Fifty-one patients developed AVN, with an overall prevalence of 3%. Musculoskeletal magnetic resonance imaging (MSK MRI) was available for 1085 patients and AVN was present in 46 patients (43 lower extremities and 3 upper extremities MRI studies), with a relative prevalence of 4.2%. Most patients with AVN were Caucasian females (57%) with a mean age at diagnosis of 44.5 ± 12.4 years. 61% had dermatomyositis (DM) and 29% had polymyositis (PM). The median time from onset of IIM to diagnosis of AVN was 46 months. The hip joint was most commonly involved in 76% of cases, followed by the knee joint in 15% and shoulder joint in 9%. 81% of patients were asymptomatic. Established risk factors for AVN were not found to be associated with the development of AVN in IIM patients.

CONCLUSION: Although mostly asymptomatic and incidental, the overall prevalence of AVN in IIM was 3% and the prevalence by MRI was 4.2%. None of the established risk factors were found to be associated with AVN development.

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ePub ahead of print