Mindfulness as an Adjunct or Alternative to CBT-I
Ong JC, and Kalmbach DA. Mindfulness as an Adjunct or Alternative to CBT-I. Sleep Med Clin 2023; 18(1):59-71. PMID: 36764787.
Sleep Med Clin
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are programs that teach mindfulness concepts through guided meditation and self-regulation practices. MBIs have been found to improve sleep and reduce cognitive arousal, which are central to the development and perpetuation of insomnia. In this article, we review theoretic frameworks and clinical trial effectiveness data supporting MBIs for insomnia. Based on this review, we provide suggestions for using MBIs as an adjunct or alternative treatment option to CBT-I with regard to how, when, and for whom. We conclude with an agenda for future directions that can clarify the use of mindfulness as a treatment option for insomnia.
Medical Subject Headings
Humans; Mindfulness; Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders; Cognitive Behavioral Therapy; Sleep; Meditation