Title

Prognosis after recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma in liver transplantation: predictors for successful treatment and survival.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-1-2015

Publication Title

Clinical transplantation

Abstract

There are no established prognostic factors or standardized therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) recurrence in liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this study was to investigate impact of underlying patient condition on treatment and outcomes of recurrence of HCC after LT. The medical records of 268 LT patients with HCC were evaluated. Potential prognostic factors for survival after recurrence were evaluated, including recurrent tumor characteristics, medical/radiological/surgical therapies for recurrence, and an inflammatory marker (neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio). Laboratory tests at recurrence, including albumin, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), prognostic nutritional index (PNI: ALC(/μL) × 0.005 + Albumin(g/dL) × 10), were evaluated as surrogate markers for underlying patient conditions. A total of 51 (19%) patients developed HCC recurrence. The use of sirolimus and sorafenib significantly improved outcome (p = 0.007 and 0.04), and better nutritional status (PNI ≥ 40) enhanced their efficacy. On multivariate analysis, low ALC (<500/μL) and albumin (<2.8 g/L) remained independent prognostic factors (p = 0.03 and 0.02; hazard ratio = 3.61 [Ref. >1000/μL] and 4.97 [Ref. >3.5 g/dL], respectively). Low PNI (<40) showed significantly lower survival rate after adjusting the risk (p = 0.006, hazard ratio = 3.29). Underlying patient conditions and nutritional status, represented by ALC and albumin, are important to successful cancer treatment and strong prognostic markers for survival after HCC recurrence.

Medical Subject Headings

Antineoplastic Agents; Biomarkers, Tumor; Carcinoma, Hepatocellular; Combined Modality Therapy; Follow-Up Studies; Graft Survival; Humans; Liver Neoplasms; Liver Transplantation; Lymphocytes; Multivariate Analysis; Neoplasm Recurrence, Local; Neutrophils; Niacinamide; Phenylurea Compounds; Postoperative Complications; Prognosis; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Sirolimus; Sorafenib; Survival Rate

PubMed ID

26458066

Volume

29

Issue

12

First Page

1156

Last Page

1163

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