Cryopreserved Allograft in the Management of Native and Prosthetic Aortic Infections

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Annals of vascular surgery


BACKGROUND: The management of patients with aortic native and prosthetic infections is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We describe a single-center experience with the use of cryopreserved allografts for the treatment of aortic infections, and compare outcomes with rifampin-soaked grafts and extra-anatomic bypass.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent an operative intervention for aortic infection at our tertiary care center from August 2007 to August 2017. Demographic data, preoperative work-up, procedural details, and outcomes were collected for each treatment modality.

RESULTS: Thirty-two patients had aortic revascularization for aortic infection. Seventeen patients had cryopreserved allografts, 10 had rifampin-soaked grafts, and 5 had extra-anatomic bypass. Sixteen patients (50%) had native aortic infection and 16 patients (50%) had prosthetic aortic infection. Eighteen had involvement of the infrarenal abdominal aorta, 12 of the paravisceral aorta, and 2 of the descending thoracic aorta. Early mortality was 5.9% (1/17) for the cryopreserved group, 10% (1/10) for the rifampin-soaked group, and 40% (2/5) for the extra-anatomic bypass group. Early graft-related complications occurred in 1 patient (cryopreserved group). Mean follow-up was 34.8 months. Late death occurred in 4 patients with cryopreserved allografts, 2 with rifampin-soaked grafts and none with extra-anatomic bypass. Late graft-related complications occurred in 4 patients (cryopreserved group). Only 1 patient had recurrence of aortic infection (cryopreserved group) and 2 patients had limb loss (1 from the cryopreserved group and 1 from the rifampin-soaked group). At 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and 3 years, estimated survival for patients with cryopreserved allografts was 94%, 82%, 75%, and 64%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: The management of aortic infections is challenging. In patients who do not need immediate intervention, in situ aortic reconstruction with cryopreserved allografts is a viable treatment modality with relatively low morbidity and mortality.

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