Outcome of liver transplantation in patients with prior bariatric surgery
Safwan M, Collins KM, Abouljoud MS, and Salgia R. Outcome of liver transplantation in patients with prior bariatric surgery. Liver Transpl 2017; 23(11):1415-1421.
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is becoming the leading cause of disease resulting in liver transplantation (LT). As a result of this trend, more LT candidates are presenting with prior history of bariatric surgery (BS). Over the last decade, 960 patients underwent LT at our institution; 11 (1.1%) had prior BS. The most common type of BS was Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (n = 9) with 1 sleeve gastrectomy and 1 jejunoileal bypass. A total of 9 patients underwent LT alone, and 2 underwent simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation. The most common indication for LT was nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (n = 10) with 5 having additional diagnosis of alcoholic liver disease. The 30-day reoperation rate was 36.4% (n = 4); indications were bile duct repair (n = 3) and wound repair (n = 1). In the first 6 months after LT, biliary complications were seen in 54.5% (n = 6) of the patients. Both patient and graft survival rates at 1 and 2 years were 81.8% (n = 9) and 72.7% (n = 8), respectively. A total of 8 patients (72.7%) had indications for liver biopsy after LT; significant macrovesicular steatosis was found in 2 (18.2%). In patients with a history of alcohol consumption, 2 (40.0%) relapsed after LT. Two patients (18.2%) had a history of diet-controlled diabetes before LT; 1 of these patients became insulin dependent after LT. Mean body mass index (BMI) at LT was 31.0 ± 5.7 kg/m2 . Mean BMI at 1, 6, and 12 months after LT was 28.3 ± 5.8, 28.0 ± 3.2, and 31.0 ± 6.6 kg/m2 , respectively. Mean preoperative albumin was 2.6 ± 0.6 mg/dL. Patients showed improvement in albumin after LT, with mean albumin of 2.7 ± 0.6 and 3.2 ± 0.5 mg/dL at 1 and 3 months, respectively. The liver profile was stable after LT, with mean aspartate aminotransferase of 32.9 ± 18.4 and 26.6 ± 19.8 IU/L and alanine aminotransferase of 28.0 ± 17.5 and 30.2 ± 17.0 IU/L at 6 and 12 months, respectively. In conclusion, outcomes of LT patients with prior BS are comparable with other transplant recipients with regards to patient and graft survival and post-LT complication rates. Liver Transplantation 23 1415-1421 2017 AASLD.
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Allografts; Bile Ducts; Body Mass Index; End Stage Liver Disease; Female; Follow-Up Studies; Gastrectomy; Gastric Bypass; Graft Survival; Humans; Liver; Liver Transplantation; Male; Middle Aged; Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease; Obesity, Morbid; Postoperative Complications; Recurrence; Reoperation; Retrospective Studies; Treatment Outcome