Relationship between depression, weight, and patient satisfaction 2 years after bariatric surgery

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Surg Obes Relat Dis


BACKGROUND: Findings regarding longer term symptoms of depression and the impact of depression on outcomes such as weight loss and patient satisfaction, are mixed or lacking.

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to understand the relationship between depression, weight loss, and patient satisfaction in the two years after bariatric surgery.

SETTING: This study used data from a multi-institutional, statewide quality improvement collaborative of 45 different bariatric surgery sites.

METHODS: Participants included patients (N = 1991) who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) or sleeve gastrectomy (SG) between 2015-2018. Participants self-reported symptoms of depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-8 [PHQ-8]), satisfaction with surgery, and weight presurgery and 1 year and 2 years postsurgery.

RESULTS: Compared to presurgery, fewer patients' PHQ-8 scores indicated clinically significant depression (PHQ-8≥10) at 1 year (P < .001; 14.3% versus 5.1%) and 2 years postsurgery (P < .0001; 8.7%). There was a significant increase in the prevalence of clinical depression from the first to second year postsurgery (P < .0001; 5.1% versus 8.7%). Higher PHQ-8 at baseline was related to less weight loss (%Total Weight Loss [%TWL] and %Excess Weight Loss [%EWL]) at 1 year postsurgery (P < .001), with a trend toward statistical significance at 2 years (P = .06). Postoperative depression was related to lower %TWL and %EWL, and less reduction in body mass index (BMI) at 1 year (P < .001) and 2 years (P < .0001). Baseline and postoperative depression were associated with lower patient satisfaction at both postoperative time points.

CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests improvements in depression up to 2 years postbariatric surgery, although it appears that the prevalence of depression increases after the first year. Depression, both pre- and postbariatric surgery, may impact weight loss and patient satisfaction.

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