The Lactate-to-Platelet Ratio: A Novel Predictor for Short-Term Early Allograft Failure After Liver Transplantation

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Transplantation proceedings


BACKGROUND: Early allograft dysfunction (EAD) is a criterion to evaluate initial graft dysfunction associated with inferior graft survival and postoperative complications after liver transplantation (LT). This study defined the lactate-to-platelet ratio (LPR) as lactate level immediately post-LT/platelet count on postoperative day 1 and evaluated its association with EAD and short-term graft failure.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study reviewed 434 deceased-donor LTs from individuals with confirmed brain death between January 2008 and December 2014. The area under the curve (AUC) was used to compare the predictive capacity for 3-month graft survival between EAD and the LPR. Along with LPR, the risk factors for 3-month graft failure were analyzed by multivariate analysis.

RESULTS: EAD was reported in 127 patients (31%). The LPR in patients with EAD was significantly higher than that in patients without EAD (9.8 vs 5.9, P < .001). In the multivariate analysis, both the LPR (per 1.0 increase) and EAD were independent risk factors for 3-month graft failure (hazard ratio [HR] =1.03, P = .03; and HR = 9.14, P = .001). The comparison of the AUCs between the LPR and EAD showed no significant difference (0.79 vs 0.78, P = .84), whereas the combination of EAD and LPR had a better predictive capacity than EAD alone (0.86 vs 0.78, P < .001). The LPR showed an inverse relationship for predicting 3-month graft survival.

CONCLUSIONS: The LPR is a continuous parameter that enables prediction of initial graft function and estimation of the 3-month graft failure rate with the advantages of early availability and simple calculations.

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Transplant and Abdominal Surgery

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