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American journal of surgery


BACKGROUND: The use of ACS-NSQIP has increased in pancreatic surgery (PS) research. The aim of this study is to critically appraise the methodological reporting of PS publications utilizing the ACS-NSQIP database.

STUDY DESIGN: PubMed was queried for all PS studies employing the ACS-NSQIP database published between 2004 and 2021. Critical appraisal was performed using the JAMA-Surgery Checklist, STROBE Statement, and RECORD Statement.

RESULTS: A total of 86 studies were included. Median scores for number of fulfilled criteria for the JAMA-Surgery Checklist, STROBE Statement, and RECORD Statement were 6, 20, and 6 respectively. The most commonly unfulfilled criteria were those relating to discussion of missed data, compliance with IRB, unadjusted and adjusted outcomes, providing supplementary/raw information, and performing subgroup analyses.

CONCLUSION: An overall satisfactory reporting of methodology is present among PS studies utilizing the ACS-NSQIP database. Areas for improved adherence include discussing missed data, providing supplementary information, and performing subgroup analysis. Due to the increasing role of large-scale databases, enhanced adherence to reporting guidelines may advance PS research.

Medical Subject Headings

Checklist; Data Management; Databases, Factual; Humans; Postoperative Complications; Quality Improvement; Surgeons; United States

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