Association of Viral Hepatitis Status and Post-hepatectomy Outcomes in the Era of Direct-Acting Antivirals

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Annals of surgical oncology


BACKGROUND: The role of viral hepatitis status in post-hepatectomy outcomes has yet to be delineated. This large, multicentred contemporary study aimed to evaluate the effect of viral hepatitis status on 30-day post-hepatectomy complications in patients treated for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

METHODS: Patients from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database with known viral hepatitis status, who underwent hepatectomy for HCC between 2014 and 2018, were included. Patients were classified as HBV-only, HCV-only, HBV and HCV co-infection (HBV/HCV), or no viral hepatitis (NV). Multivariable models were used to assess outcomes of interest. The primary outcome was any 30-day post-hepatectomy complication. The secondary outcomes were major complications and post-hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF). Subgroup analyses were performed for cirrhotic and noncirrhotic patients.

RESULTS: A total of 3234 patients were included. The 30-day complication rate was 207/663 (31.2%) HBV, 356/1077 (33.1%) HCV, 29/81 (35.8%) HBV/HCV, and 534/1413 (37.8%) NV (p = 0.01). On adjusted analysis, viral hepatitis status was not associated with occurrence of any 30-day post-hepatectomy complications (ref: NV, HBV odds ratio (OR) 0.89 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.71-1.12]; HCV OR 0.91 [95% CI: 0.75-1.10]; HBV/HCV OR 1.17 [95% CI: 0.71-1.93]). Similar results were found in cirrhotic and noncirrhotic subgroups, and for secondary outcomes: occurrence of any major complications and PHLF.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with HCC managed with resection, viral hepatitis status is not associated with 30-day post-hepatectomy complications, major complications, or PHLF compared with NV. This suggests that clinical decisions and prognostication of 30-day outcomes in this population likely should not be made based on viral hepatitis status.

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ePub ahead of print