Impact of concurrent hiatal hernia repair during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy on patient-reported gastroesophageal reflux symptoms: a state-wide analysis

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Surg Obes Relat Dis


BACKGROUND: Concurrent hiatal hernia repair (HHR) during laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) may improve gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms. However, patient-reported outcomes are limited, and the influence of surgeon technique remains unclear.

OBJECTIVES: To assess patient-reported GERD severity before and after LSG with and without concomitant HHR.

SETTING: Teaching and non-teaching hospitals participating in a state-wide quality improvement collaborative.

METHODS: Using a state-wide bariatric-specific data registry, all patients who underwent a primary LSG between 2015 and 2019 who completed a baseline and 1 year validated GERD health related quality of life (GERD-HRQL) survey were identified (n = 11,742). GERD severity at 1 year as well as 30-day risk-adjusted adverse events was compared between patients who underwent LSG with or without HHR. Results were also stratified by anterior versus posterior HHR.

RESULTS: A total of 4015 patients underwent a LSG-HHR (34%). Compared to patients who underwent LSG without HHR, LSG-HHR patients were older (47.8 yr versus 44.6 yr; P < .0001), had a lower preoperative body mass index (BMI) (45.8 kg/m(2) versus 48 kg/m(2); P < .0001) and more likely to be female (85.2% versus 77.6%, P < .0001). Patients who underwent a posterior HHR (n = 3205) experienced higher rates of symptom improvement (69.5% versus 64.0%, P = .0014) and lower rates of new onset symptoms at 1 year (28.2% versus 30.2%, P = .0500). Patients who underwent an anterior HHR (n = 496) experienced higher rates of hemorrhage and readmissions with no significant difference in symptom improvement.

CONCLUSIONS: Concurrent posterior hiatal HHR at the time of sleeve gastrectomy can improve reflux symptoms. Patients undergoing anterior repair derive no benefit and should be avoided.

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ePub ahead of print