Variation of Liver Transplant Practice and Outcomes During Public Holidays in the United States: Analysis of United Network for Organ Sharing Registry
Shamaa TM, Kitajima T, Ivanics T, Shimada S, Mohamed A, Yeddula S, Rizzari M, Collins K, Yoshida A, Abouljoud M, and Nagai S. Variation of Liver Transplant Practice and Outcomes During Public Holidays in the United States: Analysis of United Network for Organ Sharing Registry. Transplant Direct 2023; 9(4):e1463.
It has been reported that patients hospitalized outside regular working hours have worse outcomes. This study aims to compare outcomes following liver transplantation (LT) performed during public holidays and nonholidays.
METHODS: We analyzed the United Network for Organ Sharing registry data for 55 200 adult patients who underwent an LT between 2010 and 2019. Patients were grouped according to LT receipt during public holidays ±3 d (n = 7350) and nonholiday periods (n = 47 850). The overall post-LT mortality hazard was analyzed using multivariable Cox regression models.
RESULTS: LT recipient characteristics were similar between public holidays and nonholidays. Compared with nonholidays, deceased donors during public holidays had a lower donor risk index (median [interquartile range]: holidays 1.52 [1.29-1.83] versus nonholidays 1.54 [1.31-1.85]; P = 0.001) and shorter cold ischemia time (median [interquartile range]: holidays 5.82 h [4.52-7.22] versus nonholidays 5.91 h [4.62-7.38]; P < 0.001). Propensity score matching 4-to-1 was done to adjust for donor and recipient confounders (n = 33 505); LT receipt during public holidays (n = 6701) was associated with a lower risk of overall mortality (hazard ratio 0.94 [95% confidence interval, 0.86-0.99]; P = 0.046). The number of livers that were not recovered for transplant was higher during public holidays compared with nonholidays (15.4% versus 14.5%, respectively; P = 0.03).
CONCLUSIONS: Although LT performed during public holidays was associated with improved overall patient survival, liver discard rates were higher during public holidays compared with nonholidays.
Medical Subject Headings
Transplant and Abdominal Surgery