Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Transplant international


Advanced age of liver donor is a risk factor for graft loss after transplant. We sought to identify recipient characteristics associated with negative post-liver transplant (LT) outcomes in the context of elderly donors. Using 2014-2019 OPTN/UNOS data, LT recipients were classified by donor age: ≥70, 40-69, and <40 years. Recipient risk factors for one-year graft loss were identified and created a risk stratification system and validated it using 2020 OPTN/UNOS data set. At transplant, significant recipient risk factors for one-year graft loss were: previous liver transplant (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 4.37, 95%CI 1.98-9.65); mechanical ventilation (aHR 4.28, 95%CI 1.95-9.43); portal thrombus (aHR 1.87, 95%CI 1.26-2.77); serum sodium <125 mEq/L (aHR 2.88, 95%CI 1.34-6.20); and Karnofsky score 10-30% (aHR 2.03, 95%CI 1.13-3.65), 40-60% (aHR 1.65, 95%CI 1.08-2.51). Using those risk factors and multiplying HRs, recipients were divided into low-risk (n = 931) and high-risk (n = 294). Adjusted risk of one-year graft loss in the low-risk recipient group was similar to that of patients with younger donors; results were consistent using validation dataset. Our results show that a system of careful recipient selection can reduce the risks of graft loss associated with older donor age.

Medical Subject Headings

Adult; Aged; Graft Survival; Humans; Kidney Transplantation; Liver Transplantation; Tissue Donors; Transplants

PubMed ID




First Page


Last Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.