Shimada S, Shamaa T, Ivanics T, Kitajima T, Collins K, Rizzari M, Yoshida A, Abouljoud M, Moonka D, Lu M, and Nagai S. Liver Transplant Recipient Characteristics Associated With Worse Post-Transplant Outcomes in Using Elderly Donors. Transpl Int 2022; 35:10489.
Advanced age of liver donor is a risk factor for graft loss after transplant. We sought to identify recipient characteristics associated with negative post-liver transplant (LT) outcomes in the context of elderly donors. Using 2014-2019 OPTN/UNOS data, LT recipients were classified by donor age: ≥70, 40-69, and <40 years. Recipient risk factors for one-year graft loss were identified and created a risk stratification system and validated it using 2020 OPTN/UNOS data set. At transplant, significant recipient risk factors for one-year graft loss were: previous liver transplant (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR] 4.37, 95%CI 1.98-9.65); mechanical ventilation (aHR 4.28, 95%CI 1.95-9.43); portal thrombus (aHR 1.87, 95%CI 1.26-2.77); serum sodium <125 mEq/L (aHR 2.88, 95%CI 1.34-6.20); and Karnofsky score 10-30% (aHR 2.03, 95%CI 1.13-3.65), 40-60% (aHR 1.65, 95%CI 1.08-2.51). Using those risk factors and multiplying HRs, recipients were divided into low-risk (n = 931) and high-risk (n = 294). Adjusted risk of one-year graft loss in the low-risk recipient group was similar to that of patients with younger donors; results were consistent using validation dataset. Our results show that a system of careful recipient selection can reduce the risks of graft loss associated with older donor age.
Medical Subject Headings
Adult; Aged; Graft Survival; Humans; Kidney Transplantation; Liver Transplantation; Tissue Donors; Transplants