Pursuing living donor liver transplantation improves outcomes of patients with autoimmune liver diseases - An intention-to-treat analysis

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Liver transplantation


Background: Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) offers the opportunity to decrease waitlist time and mortality for patients with AILD; autoimmune hepatitis (AIH), primary biliary cholangitis (PBC), and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). We compared the survival of patients with a potential live donor (pLDLT) on the waitlist vs. no potential live donor (pDDLT), on an intention-to-treat (ITT) basis.

Methods: Our retrospective cohort study investigated adults with AILD listed for liver transplant at our program between 2000 and 2021. The pLDLT group comprised recipients with a potential live donor. Otherwise, they were included in the pDDLT group. ITT survival was assessed from the time of listing.

Results: Of the 533 patients included, 244(43.8%) had a potential living donor. Waitlist dropout was higher for the pDDLT groups among all AILDs (pDDLT 85[29.4%] vs. pLDLT 9[3.7], p0.9]).

Conclusion: Our study suggests that having a potential live donor could decrease the risk of death in patients with PSC on the waitlist. Importantly, the post-transplant outcomes in this population are similar between the LDLT and DDLT groups.

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ePub ahead of print