Excess waitlist mortality among candidates for multivisceral liver-intestine transplant in acuity circle allocation

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American journal of transplantation


Candidates for multivisceral transplant (MVT) have experienced decreased access to transplant in recent years. Using Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network data, transplant and waiting list outcomes for MVT (ie, liver-intestine, liver-intestine-pancreas, and liver-intestine-kidney-pancreas) candidates listed between February 4, 2018, and February 3, 2022, were analyzed, including model for end-stage liver disease/pediatric end-stage liver disease and exception scores by era (before and after acuity circle [AC] implementation on February 4, 2020) and age group (pediatric and adult). Of 284 MVT waitlist registrations (45.6% pediatric), fewer had exception points at listing post-AC compared to pre-AC (10.0% vs 19.1%), and they were less likely to receive transplant (19.1% vs 35.9% at 90 days; 35.7% vs 57.2% at 1 year). Of 177 MVT recipients, exception points at transplant were more common post-AC compared to pre-AC (30.8% vs 20.2%). Postpolicy, adult MVT candidates were more likely to be removed due to death/too sick compared with liver-alone candidates (13.5% vs 5.6% at 90 days; 24.2% vs 9.8% at 1 year), whereas no excess waitlist mortality was observed among pediatric MVT candidates. Under current allocation policy, multivisceral candidates experience inferior waitlist outcomes compared with liver-alone candidates. Clarification of guidance around submission and approval of multivisceral exception requests may help improve their access to transplantation and achieve equity between multivisceral and liver-alone candidates on the liver transplant waiting list.

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ePub ahead of print