Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Perioperative Outcomes of Major Procedures: Results From the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program.
Ravi P, Sood A, Schmid M, Abdollah F, Sammon JD, Sun M, Klett DE, Varda B, Peabody JO, Menon M, Kibel AS, Nguyen PL, and Trinh QD. Racial disparities in perioperative outcomes of major procedures: Results from the national surgical quality improvement program. Ann Surg 2015; 262(6):955-964.
Annals of surgery
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between race/ethnicity and perioperative outcomes in individuals undergoing major oncologic and nononcologic surgical procedures in the United States.
BACKGROUND: Prior work has shown that there are significant racial/ethnic disparities in perioperative outcomes after several types of major cardiac, general, vascular, orthopedic, and cancer surgical procedures. However, recent evidence suggests attenuation of these racial/ethnic differences, particularly at academic institutions.
METHODS: We utilized the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database to identify 142,344 patients undergoing one of the 16 major cancer and noncancer surgical procedures between 2005 and 2011.
RESULTS: Eighty-five percent of the cohort was white, with black and Hispanic individuals comprising 8% and 4%, respectively. In multivariable analyses, black patients had greater odds of experiencing prolonged length of stay after 10 of the 16 procedures studied (all P < 0.05), though there was no disparity in odds of 30-day mortality after any surgery. Hispanics were more likely to experience prolonged length of stay after 5 surgical procedures (all P < 0.04), and were at greater odds of dying within 30 days after colectomy, heart valve repair/replacement, or abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (all P < 0.03). Fewer disparities were observed for Hispanics, than for black patients, and also for cancer, than for noncancer surgical procedures.
CONCLUSIONS: Important racial/ethnic disparities in perioperative outcomes were observed among patients undergoing major cancer and noncancer surgical procedures at American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program institutions. There were fewer disparities among individuals undergoing cancer surgery, though black patients, in particular, were more likely to experience prolonged length of stay.
Medical Subject Headings
Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Databases, Factual; Ethnic Groups; European Continental Ancestry Group; Female; Healthcare Disparities; Humans; Length of Stay; Male; Middle Aged; Multivariate Analysis; Outcome Assessment (Health Care); Quality Improvement; Surgical Procedures, Operative; United States; Young Adult