Contemporary multicenter outcomes of continent cutaneous ileocecocystoplasty in the adult population over a 10-year period: A Neurogenic Bladder Research Group study

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Neurourology and urodynamics


AIMS: Evidence is sparse on the long-term outcomes of continent cutaneous ileocecocystoplasty (CCIC). We hypothesized that obesity, laparoscopic/robotic approach, and concomitant surgeries would affect morbidity after CCIC and aimed to evaluate the outcomes of CCIC in adults in a multicenter contemporary study.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of adult patients from sites in the Neurogenic Bladder Research Group undergoing CCIC (2007-2017) who had at least 6 months of follow-up. We evaluated patient demographics, surgical details, 90-day complications, and follow-up surgeries. the Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare continuous variables and χ² and Fisher's Exact tests were used to compare categorical variables.

RESULTS: We included 114 patients with a median age of 41 years. The median postoperative length of stay was 8 days. At 3 months postoperatively, major complications occurred in 18 (15.8%), and 24 patients (21.1%) were readmitted. During a median follow-up of 40 months, 48 patients (42.1%) underwent 80 additional related surgeries. Twenty-three patients (20.2%) underwent at least one channel revision, most often due to obstruction (15, 13.2%) or incontinence (4, 3.5%). Of the channel revisions, 10 (8.8%) were major and 14 (12.3%) were minor. Eleven patients (9.6%) abandoned the catheterizable channel during the follow-up period. Obesity and laparoscopic/robotic surgical approach did not affect outcomes, though concomitant surgery was associated with a higher rate of follow-up surgeries.

CONCLUSIONS: In this contemporary multicenter series evaluating CCIC, we found that the short-term major complication rate was low, but many patients require follow-up surgeries, mostly related to the catheterizable channel.

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ePub ahead of print