Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-9-2022

Publication Title

International urology and nephrology

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to identify the rate of significant prostate cancer (PCa) detection in PI-RADS3 lesions in AA patients stratified by PSAD threshold of < 0.15 vs. ≥ 0.15 ng/ml(2) and lesion diameter of < 1 cm vs ≥ 1 cm.

METHODS: We analyzed our institutional database of MRI-TB to identify the rate of significant prostate cancer (PCa) detection in PI-RADS3 lesions in AA patients stratified by PSAD threshold of < 0.15 vs. ≥ 0.15 ng/ml(2) and lesion diameter of < 1 cm vs ≥ 1 cm. Significant prostate cancer was defined as Gleason grade group 2 or higher on MRI-TB of the PI-RADS 3 lesion.

RESULTS: Of 768 patients included in the database, 211 (27.5%) patients identified themselves as AAs. Mean age of AA patients was 63 years and mean PSAD was 0.21. Sixty nine (32.7%) AA patients were found to have PI-RADS 3 lesions. Mean PSAD of AA patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions was 0.21 ng/ml(2) as well. Fifty percent of AA patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions had PSAD ≥ 0.15 ng/ml(2). Significant PCa detection rate for AA patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions was 9% for PSAD of ≥ 0.15 vs. 0.03% percent for AA patients with PSAD < 0.15 ng/ml(2) (OR 7.056, CI 1.017-167.9, P = 0.04). Stratification by lesion diameter (< 1 cm vs. > 1 cm) resulted in missing 0% of significant PCa when only AA patients with PSAD ≥ 0.15 ng/ml(2) and lesion diameter ≥ 1 cm received MRI-TB.

CONCLUSIONS: We report on the performance of a reported PSAD density threshold in detecting significant PCa in one of the largest series of AA patients receiving MRI-TB of the prostate. Our results have direct clinical implications when counseling AA patients with PI-RADS 3 lesion on whether they should undergo MRI-TB of such lesions.

PubMed ID

35138582

ePublication

ePub ahead of print

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.