Chen I, Arora S, Alhayek K, Leavitt D, and Dabaja A. Diagnosis and management of testicular compartment syndrome caused by tension hydrocele. Urol Case Rep 2022; 43:102091.
Urol Case Rep
A hydrocele is an abnormal collection of fluid within the tunica vaginalis which may either be congenital or acquired. Hydroceles are usually painless and don't require immediate intervention unless they impact activities of daily living. This case demonstrates a rare complication of hydroceles termed tension hydrocele which presented with scrotal swelling and acute pain. Unlike the classic presentation of hydroceles with minimal pain or discomfort, it is important to recognize tension hydroceles as an extremely rare but possible cause of acute scrotum, which needs to be emergently diagnosed and treated.