Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Reproductive biomedicine online


RESEARCH QUESTION: Is seminal oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) clinically relevant to reproductive outcome?

DESIGN: Prospective observational study including a total of 144 couples who had an intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycle between June 2018 and December 2020. The study included patients undergoing fresh ICSI cycles with autologous gametes. Cycles that had day 3 embryo transfers and cryopreservation cycles were excluded. There was no restriction on patients with severe male infertility; couples with unexplained infertility and unexplained male infertility were included, those with azoospermia were excluded. Semen analysis, seminal ORP as determined by means of the MiOXSYS system, sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) and reproductive outcomes (fertilization, blastocyst development, clinical pregnancy and live birth) were determined.

RESULTS: Seminal ORP was significantly negatively correlated with fertilization rate (r = -0.267; P = 0.0012), blastocyst development rate (r = -0.432; P < 0.0001), implantation/clinical pregnancy (r = -0.305; P = 0.0003) and live birth (r = -0.366; P < 0.0001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed significant predictive power for ORP for fertilization (≥80%; area under the curve [AUC] 0.652; P = 0.0012), blastocyst development rate (≥60%; AUC 0.794; P < 0.0001), implantation/clinical pregnancy (AUC 0.680; P = 0.0002) and live birth (AUC 0.728; P < 0.0001). Comparable results were obtained for SDF (fertilization: AUC 0.678; blastocyst development: AUC 0.777; implantation/clinical pregnancy: AUC 0.665; live birth: AUC 0.723). Normal sperm morphology showed the lowest predictive power for all reproductive outcome parameters. With male age as confounding factor, ORP (cut-off value of 0.51 mV/10(6) sperm/ml) has significant (P < 0.04667) effects on odds ratios for all reproductive outcome parameters. Multivariate logistic regression to investigate potential seminal and female confounding factors revealed that seminal ORP significantly (P < 0.0039; P < 0.0130) affects reproductive outcome.

CONCLUSION: Seminal ORP is relevant for good fertilization, blastocyst development, implantation, clinical pregnancy and live birth.

Medical Subject Headings

Pregnancy; Male; Humans; Female; Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic; Pregnancy Rate; Fertilization in Vitro; Birth Rate; Semen; Live Birth; Infertility, Male; Oxidation-Reduction; Retrospective Studies

PubMed ID






First Page


Last Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.