Detection of significant prostate cancer through magnetic resonance imaging targeted biopsy of PI-RADS3 lesions in African American patients based on prostate specific antigen density threshold of 0.15 ng/ml2: Analysis of patient population from the Vattikuti Urology Institute
Alanee SR, Deebajah M, Roumayah Z, Dabaja A, Peabody JO, and Menon M. Detection of significant prostate cancer through magnetic resonance imaging targeted biopsy of PI-RADS3 lesions in African American patients based on prostate specific antigen density threshold of 0.15 ng/ml2: Analysis of patient population from the Vattikuti Urology Institute. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2020; 38(6).
J Clin Oncol
Background: A prostate specific antigen density (PSAD) threshold of 0.15 ng/ml2 have been suggested for significant cancer detection in PI-RADS 3 lesions to avoid unnecessary magnetic resonance imaging targeted biopsy (MRI-TB) of these lesions. However, the performance of this threshold in African American (AA) patients is not well characterized. Methods: We analyzed our institutional data base of MRI-TB to identify the rate of significant prostate cancer (Pca) detection in PI-RADS3 lesions in AA patients stratified by PSAD threshold of < 0.15 vs. >0.15 ng/ml2 and lesion size of < 1 cm vs > 1 cm. Significant prostate cancer was defined as Gleason grade group 2 or higher on MRI-TB of the PI-RADS 3 lesion. Results: Of 768 patients included in the database, 211 (27.5%) patients identified themselves as AAs. Mean age of AA patients was 63 years and mean PSAD was 0.21. Sixty nine (32.7%) AA patients were found to have PI-RADS 3 lesions. Mean PSAD of AA patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions was 0.21 ng/ml2 as well. Fifty percent of AA patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions had PSAD >0.15 ng/ml2. Significant Pca detection rate for AA patients with PI-RADS 3 lesions was 9% for PSAD of > 0.15 vs. 0.03% percent for AA patients with PSAD < 0.15 ng/ml2 (OR 7.056, CI 1.017-167.9, P=0.04). Stratification by lesion size (< 1 cm vs. > 1 cm) resulted in missing 0% percentage of significant Pca when only AA patients with PSAD ∗ 0.15 ng/ml2 and lesion size > 1 cm received MRI-TB. Conclusions: We report on the performance of a reported PSAD density threshold in detecting significant Pca in one of the largest series of AA patients receiving MRI-TB of the prostate. Our results have direct clinical implications when counseling AA patients with PI-RADS 3 lesion on whether they should undergo MRI-TB of such lesions.