Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association


OBJECTIVE: Obstetricians infrequently encounter conjoined twins. Much of the clinical care literature focuses on postnatal management from a neonatology and pediatric surgery perspective; guidance on obstetrical management is limited. We outline steps for prenatal evaluation, obstetrical care, and delivery planning.

STUDY DESIGN: Experiences with two cases of conjoined twins.

RESULTS: We identified several points throughout the planning, delivery, and postnatal process that are important to highlight for optimizing clinical outcome, patient safety, and parental satisfaction.

CONCLUSION: After diagnosis, patients should be referred to a center experienced in the management of conjoined twins. Specialists in fields including maternal fetal medicine, pediatric surgery, neonatology, and radiology play a vital role in the management of these patients. Early referral allows for timely family counseling and decision-making. Prenatal evaluation beyond the first trimester should include a detailed ultrasound, fetal echocardiogram, and fetal MRI. 3D printed life-sized models can improve delivery planning and patient understanding.

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print



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