Risk factors for trachelectomy following supracervical hysterectomy

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Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica


INTRODUCTION: We identified risk factors for trachelectomy after supracervical hysterectomy (SCH) due to persistence of symptoms.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective case-control study in a university-affiliated hospital. Seventeen women who underwent a trachelectomy following SCH for nonmalignant indications between June 2002 and October 2014 were compared with 68 randomly selected women (controls) who underwent a SCH within the same time period. Demographics and clinical characteristics were compared between the study and control groups. Univariate analysis identified potential risk factors for trachelectomy following SCH. Univariate logistic regression models predicted which patients would have a trachelectomy following SCH.

RESULTS: The occurrence of trachelectomy following SCH during the study period was 0.9% (17/1892). The study group was younger than the control group (mean age 38 ± 6 years vs. 44 ± 5 years; p < 0.001). Patients who had a history of endometriosis [odds ratio (OR) 6.23, 95% CI 1.11-40.5, p = 0.038] had increased risk for trachelectomy. Pathology diagnosed endometriosis only among women in the study group. Preoperative diagnosis of abnormal uterine bleeding (OR 0.22, 95% CI 0.06-0.075, p = 0.016), anemia (OR 0.12, 95% CI 0.01-0.53; p = 0.003), and fibroid uterus (OR 0.24, 95% CI 0.07-0.82, p = 0.024) reduced the risk for future trachelectomy.

CONCLUSION: Young age and endometriosis are significant risk factors for trachelectomy following SCH.

Medical Subject Headings

Adult; Case-Control Studies; Cervix Uteri; Female; Humans; Hysterectomy; Michigan; Pelvic Pain; Postoperative Complications; Retrospective Studies; Risk Factors; Trachelectomy; Women's Health Services

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