Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-11-2020

Publication Title

JCI Insight

Abstract

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) affect cancer progression and therapy. Ovarian carcinoma often metastasizes to the peritoneal cavity. Here, we found two peritoneal macrophage subsets in mice bearing ID8 ovarian cancer based on the Tim-4 (T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing 4) expression. Tim-4+ TAMs were embryonically originated and locally sustained while Tim-4- TAMs were replenished from circulating monocytes. Tim-4+ TAMs, but not Tim-4- TAMs, promoted tumor growth in vivo. Relative to Tim-4- TAMs, Tim-4+ TAMs manifested high oxidative phosphorylation and adapted mitophagy to alleviate oxidative stress. High levels of arginase-1 in Tim-4+ TAMs contributed to potent mitophagy activities via weakened mTORC1 activation due to low arginine resultant from arginase-1-mediated metabolism. Furthermore, genetic deficiency of autophagy element FIP200 resulted in Tim-4+ TAM loss via ROS-mediated apoptosis, and elevated T cell-immunity and ID8 tumor inhibition in vivo. Moreover, human ovarian cancer-associated CRIg (complement receptor of the Immunoglobulin superfamily) positive macrophages were transcriptionally, metabolically, and functionally similar to murine Tim-4+ TAMs. Thus, targeting CRIg+ (Tim-4+) TAMs may potentially treat ovarian cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis.

PubMed ID

32780724

ePublication

ePub ahead of print

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