A series of 837 cystic duct cholangiograms has been reviewed. The technique is simple and safe to carry out. It is not time consuming and does not require any unusual equipment. It has reduced the incidence of common duct exploration and has decreased the incidence of retained common duct stones. It is stressed that, unless the operative cholangiogram fulfills the criteria of a normal cholangiogram, especially in relation to size and tapering of the tower end of the duct, then common duct exploration should be earned out. Its almost routine use can only increase the general quality and accuracy of biliary tract surgery.
Chaikof, Leo; Friedlich, T. L.; Affifi, R. A.; and Weizel, H.
"Cystic Duct Cholangiography,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 22
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol22/iss3/7