It is possible that the best results of treatment for bleeding esophageal varices will come when a selective approach is used. In patients bleeding acutely and in patients with poor liver function shunt operations should be avoided, and a direct attack on the varices with either sclerosant therapy, percutaneous obliteration, or staple gun gastro-esophageal transsection should be carried out. In patients who have stopped bleeding, or those in whom elective treatment is being undertaken, the best operation at present appears to be selective distal splenorenal shunt.
Jamieson, Glyn G.; Faris, Irwin B.; and Ludbrook, John
"A Selective Approach to Bleeding Esophageal Varices,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 28
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol28/iss4/6