Given knowledge of a test's sensitivity and specificity, physicians may use Bayes' theorem to appropriately modify their initial assessment of the likelihood of disease subsequent to obtaining a positive or negative test result. A graphical representation of Bayes' theorem was constructed in order to provide a simple tool to aid in the selection and interpretation of diagnostic tests.
Benish, William A.
"A Graphical Aid to Medical Decision Making,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 33
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol33/iss1/8