Cardiovascular and oxygen transport variables were studied during fluid challenges in 50 critically ill patients. The results show three distinct patterns of response: hypovolemic, normovolemic, and hypervolemic. Colloid fluid challenge is a rapid, effective diagnostic modality for determination of cardiovascular function in the surgical critical care patient.
Horst, H. Mathilda and Obeid, Farouck N.
"Hemodynamic Response to Fluid Challenge: A Means of Assessing Volume Status in the Critically Ill,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 34
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol34/iss2/5