Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal


We have employed the TT cell line, a model for the human medullary thyroid carcinoma cell, lo study the regulation of peptide hormone production by glucocorticoids. Complementary DNA probes were used to measure the calcitonin (CT), CT gene-related peptide (CGRP), and somatostatin (SRIF) mRNA levels. Dose-response experiments in serum-free medium showed that dexamethasone (six-day treatment) lowered somatostatin (to 1% of basal) and CGRP mRNA (to 50% of basal) and stimulated CT mRNA (threefold to thirteenfold) with a half-maximal effective concentration of 10−8 M. Time course studies for cells continuously exposed to 10−6 M dexamethasone showed a rapid (within hours) lowering of SRIF mRNA, whereas the effects on CT and CGRP mRNA required six to eight days. These results demonstrate the presence of two mechanisms, transcriptional (somatostatin) and posttranscriptional (the RNA splice decision to make CT or CGRP mRNA). that can be hormonally regulated.