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Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal

Abstract

Genetic linkage mapping and contig assembly using yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) technology form the basis of our strategy to clone and define the genomic structure of the pericentromeric region of chromosome 10 containing the multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A gene. Thus far YAC walks have been initiated from five chromosome 10 pericentromeric loci including RBP3, D10S94, RET, D10Z1, and FNRB. Long range pulsed-field gel electrophoresis maps are constructed from the YACs isolated to define clone overlaps and to identify putative CpG islands. Bidirectional YAC walks are continued by rescreening the YAC library with sequence-tagged site assays developed from endclones. Several new restriction fragment length polymorphisms and simple sequence repeat polymorphism markers have been identified from the YAC clones. In particular, two highly informative (CA)n dinucleotide repeat markers, sTCL-1 from proximal chromosome 10p (16 alleles, PIC = 0.68) and sJRH-1 from the RBP3 locus (18 alleles. PIC = 0.88), provide useful reagents for a polymerase chain reaction-based predictive genetic test that can be performed rapidly from small amounts of DNA.

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