ALDH2 Inhibition Potentiates High Glucose Stress-Induced Injury in Cultured Cardiomyocytes
Pan G, Deshpande M, Thandavarayan RA, Palaniyandi SS. ALDH2 Inhibition potentiates high glucose stress-induced injury in cultured cardiomyocytes. J Diabetes Res. 2016;2016:1390861.
J Diabetes Res
Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) gene superfamily consists of 19 isozymes. They are present in various organs and involved in metabolizing aldehydes that are biologically generated. For instance, ALDH2, a cardiac mitochondrial ALDH isozyme, is known to detoxify 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal, a reactive aldehyde produced upon lipid peroxidation in diabetic conditions. We hypothesized that inhibition of ALDH leads to the accumulation of unmetabolized 4HNE and consequently exacerbates injury in cells subjected to high glucose stress. H9C2 cardiomyocyte cell lines were pretreated with 10
Medical Subject Headings
Acetaldehyde Dehydrogenase Inhibitors; Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial; Cell Line; Disulfiram; Glucose; Humans; Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial; Myocytes, Cardiac; Osmotic Pressure; Reactive Oxygen Species