Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Hum Vaccin Immunother


Information on vaccination rates and factors associated with adherence in persons with HIV (PWH) is limited. We report vaccine adherence in 653 adult PWH attending an urban Infectious Disease Clinic from January 2015 to December 2021. Vaccines evaluated included influenza, pneumococcal, tetanus, hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV), human papillomavirus (HPV), and zoster vaccines. Vaccine reminders were triggered at every visit, and all vaccines were accessible in the clinic. The mean age was 50 y (±SD 13), male gender was 78.6%, and black race was 74.3%. The overall adherence to all recommended vaccines was 63.6%. Vaccine adherence was >90% for influenza, pneumococcal, and tetanus, >80% for HAV and HBV, and ≥60% for HPV and zoster vaccines. The main predictor of adherence to all vaccines was ≥2 annual clinic visits (odds ratio [OR] 3.45; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.36-5.05; p < .001). Other predictors included an assigned primary care provider within the system (OR 2.89 [95% CI 1.71-5.00, p < .001]) and CD4 >200 cell/mm(3) at entry into care (OR 1.91 [95% CI 1.24-2.94, p = .0003]). Retention in care combined with vaccine reminders and accessibility of vaccines in the clinic can achieve high vaccine uptake in PWH.

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print

First Page


Last Page




To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.