Autoimmune disease and vaccination: impact on infectious disease prevention and a look at future applications.
McKinnon JE, and Maksimowicz-McKinnon K. Autoimmune disease and vaccination: impact on infectious disease prevention and a look at future applications. Transl Res 2016; 167(1):46-60.
Vaccines hold promise both for the prevention of infections and as potential immunologic therapy for patients with autoimmune disease (AD). These patients are at high risk for both common and opportunistic infections, but this risk can be significantly reduced and even obviated with the use of recommended available vaccines. Unfortunately, patients with ADs are not routinely offered or provided indicated vaccinations and have higher rates of complications from vaccine-preventable illnesses than patients without ADs. In addition, vaccine therapy is currently under study for the treatment of autoimmune disorders, with early studies demonstrating immunomodulatory effects that may counter undesired immune activation and alleviate disease activity.
Medical Subject Headings
Autoimmune Diseases; Communicable Diseases; Humans; Immunocompromised Host; Immunotherapy; Vaccination