NRG oncology RTOG 0625: a randomized phase II trial of bevacizumab with either irinotecan or dose-dense temozolomide in recurrent glioblastoma

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Journal of neuro-oncology


Angiogenesis, a hallmark of glioblastoma, can potentially be targeted by inhibiting the VEGF pathway using bevacizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against VEGF-A. This study was designed to determine the efficacy and safety of these regimens in the cooperative group setting. Eligibility included age ≥18, recurrent or progressive GBM after standard chemoradiation. Treatment was intravenous bevacizumab 10 mg/kg and either irinotecan (CPT) 125 mg/m2 every 2 weeks or temozolomide (TMZ) 75-100 mg/m2 day 1-21 of 28 day cycle. Accrual goal was 57 eligible patients per arm. Primary endpoint was 6 month progression-free survival (6-m PFS); a predetermined rate of ≥35 % to declare efficacy. 60 eligible patients were enrolled on TMZ arm and 57 patients on CPT arm. Median age was 56, median KPS was 80. For TMZ arm, the 6-m-PFS rate was 39 % (23/59); for the CPT arm, the 6-m-PFS rate was 38.6 % (22/57). Objective responses: TMZ arm had 2 (3 %) CR, 9 (16 %) PR; CPT arm had 2 (4 %) CR, 13 (24 %) PR. Overall there was moderate toxicity: TMZ arm with 33 (55 %) grade 3, 11 (18 %) grade 4, and 1 (2 %) grade 5 (fatal) toxicities; CPT arm had 22 (39 %) grade 3, 7 (12 %) grade 4, and 3 (5 %) grade 5 toxicities. The 6-m-PFS surpassed the predetermined efficacy threshold for both arms, corroborating the efficacy of bevacizumab and CPT and confirming activity for bevacizumab and protracted TMZ for recurrent/progressive GBM, even after prior temozolomide exposure. Toxicities were within anticipated frequencies with a moderately high rate of venous thrombosis, moderate hypertension and one intracranial hemorrhage.

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Adult; Age Factors; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological; Bevacizumab; Brain Neoplasms; Creatinine; Dacarbazine; Disease-Free Survival; Female; Glioblastoma; Humans; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Male; Middle Aged; Temozolomide; Treatment Outcome; Young Adult

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