Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry


BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a severe complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Electroencephalography aids early post-traumatic seizure diagnosis, but its optimal utility for PTE prediction remains unknown. We aim to evaluate the contribution of quantitative electroencephalograms to predict first-year PTE (PTE(1)).

METHODS: We performed a multicentre, retrospective case-control study of patients with TBI. 63 PTE(1) patients were matched with 63 non-PTE(1) patients by admission Glasgow Coma Scale score, age and sex. We evaluated the association of quantitative electroencephalography features with PTE(1) using logistic regressions and examined their predictive value relative to TBI mechanism and CT abnormalities.

RESULTS: In the matched cohort (n=126), greater epileptiform burden, suppression burden and beta variability were associated with 4.6 times higher PTE(1) risk based on multivariable logistic regression analysis (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, AUC (95% CI) 0.69 (0.60 to 0.78)). Among 116 (92%) patients with available CT reports, adding quantitative electroencephalography features to a combined mechanism and CT model improved performance (AUC (95% CI), 0.71 (0.61 to 0.80) vs 0.61 (0.51 to 0.72)).

CONCLUSIONS: Epileptiform and spectral characteristics enhance covariates identified on TBI admission and CT abnormalities in PTE(1) prediction. Future trials should incorporate quantitative electroencephalography features to validate this enhancement of PTE risk stratification models.

PubMed ID



ePub ahead of print



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.