Admission Rates, Healthcare Utilization, and Inpatient Cost of Radiation Cystitis in the United States

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OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence, cumulative healthcare burden, and financial impact of inpatient admissions for radiation cystitis (RC), while exploring practice differences in RC management between teaching and nonteaching hospitals.

METHODS: We focused on 19,613 patients with a diagnosis of RC within the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2008 to 2014. ICD-9 diagnosis and procedure codes were used. Complex-survey procedures were used to study the descriptive characteristics of RC patients and the procedures received during admission, stratified by hospital teaching status. Inflation-adjusted cost and cumulative annual cost were calculated for the study period. Multivariable logistic regression was used to study the impact of teaching status on the high total cost of admission.

RESULTS: Median age was 76 (interquartile range 67-82) years. Most of the patients were males (73%; P < .001). 59,571 (61%) patients received at least one procedure, of which, 24,816 (25.5%) received more than one procedure. Median length of stay was 5days (interquartile range 2-9). Female patients and patients with a higher comorbidity score were more frequently treated at teaching hospitals. A higher proportion of patients received a procedure at a teaching hospital (64% vs 59%; P < .001). The inflation-adjusted cost was 9207 USD and was higher in teaching hospitals. The cumulative cost of inpatient treatment of RC was 63.5 million USD per year and 952.2 million USD over the study period.

CONCLUSION: The incidence of RC-associated admissions is rising in the US. This disease is a major burden to US healthcare. The awareness of the inpatient economic burden and healthcare utilization associated with RC may have funding implications.

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Male; Humans; United States; Female; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Inpatients; Hospitals, Teaching; Hospital Costs; Cystitis; Patient Acceptance of Health Care

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ePub ahead of print



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