Of 146 operations performed for the complications of portal hypertension in the Henry Ford Hospital between 1927 and August 31, 1969, 114 were portasystemic shunts. Operative mortality, sequelae and long term survival were closely related to the state of the patients' liver function and the urgency of operation.
Elliott, Joseph P. Jr.; Wong, Kian H.; and Smith, Roger F.
"Surgical Treatment of Portal Hypertension: Review of Henry Ford Hospital Experience,"
Henry Ford Hospital Medical Journal
: Vol. 18
Available at: https://scholarlycommons.henryford.com/hfhmedjournal/vol18/iss2/8